At this point there’s no doubt that Artificial Intelligence (AI) is all around us, and it’s here to stay. The question, now, is: what is AI? Is it a unitary, coherent thing? The answer is no, and the topic is surrounded controversy. Let’s look at some of the reasons.
Currently, a big part of humanity makes use of AI every day… after all, who hasn’t used Siri or Alexa at least once? When we interact with a virtual assistant we can have the feeling that the machine actually understands us and what we say. This is one of the reasons that there’s confusion around AI that can lead us to think that we already live in a sci-fi world. Let’s dig deeper.
When the concept of AI emerged
, it was common understanding that computers are machines that will carry out a very specific set of tasks. As the years went by and computers evolved and became more and more capable, this line started to blur to the point where we started to question whether machines could potentially think beyond their tasks. Under this premise, two opposing arguments emerge: Weak AI (or narrow) and Strong AI (or full, true, general). The former asserts that machines can only simulate human behaviour, while the latter contends that machines will eventually be conscious, sentient and sapient, able to learn, make judgements, communicate…